大数据 ›› 2021, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (4): 37-48.doi: 10.11959/issn.2096-0271.2021037

• 专题:新基建环境下的数据资产价值评估与定价 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于区块链的大数据交易模式研究与探索

李源1, 高宁1, 孙晶1,2, 赵会群1   

  1. 1 北方工业大学信息学院,北京 100144
    2 北方工业大学大规模流数据集成与分析技术北京市重点实验室,北京 100144
  • 出版日期:2021-07-15 发布日期:2021-07-01
  • 作者简介:李源(1986-),男,博士,北方工业大学信息学院讲师,中国计算机学会(CCF)会员,主要研究方向为数据挖掘、数据库和生物信息学
    高宁(1998-),男,北方工业大学信息学院硕士生,主要研究方向为区块链应用
    孙晶(1968-),女,北方工业大学信息学院副教授,CCF会员,主要研究方向为软件体系结构
    赵会群(1960-),男,博士,北方工业大学信息学院教授,主要研究方向为软件体系结构、大数据生成、物联网、云计算和体育计算
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(61902004);国家自然科学基金资助项目(61672041);国家自然科学基金资助项目(61977001);北京市教委科技资助项目(KM202010009009);北方工业大学科研启动经费资助项目

Research and exploration of big data transaction model based on blockchain

Yuan LI1, Ning GAO1, Jing SUN1,2, Huiqun ZHAO1   

  1. 1 School of Information, North China University of Technology, Beijing 100144, China
    2 Beijing Key Laboratory of Large-Scale Stream Data Integration and Analysis Technology, North China University of Technology, Beijing 100144, China
  • Online:2021-07-15 Published:2021-07-01
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(61902004);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(61672041);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(61977001);Project of Beijing Municipal Education Commission(KM202010009009);Start-Up Funds of North China University of Technology

摘要:

数据是数字经济的基础,然而目前数据的确权问题存在争议。数据作为新型资产,其资产化标准和定价标准仍处于摸索阶段,大数据交易平台的建设方兴未艾。分析了数据确权、定价和交易的现状及存在的主要问题,并基于此提出新型大数据交易模式,即数据确权、定价和交易之间的迭代交互关系。最终,结合区块链的技术特点,提出了一个基于联盟链的大数据交易平台的方案,从个人和数据交易双方的角度,对平台的权益保护、定价机制和交易模式进行了探索性设计。

关键词: 区块链, 大数据, 数据定价, 数据交易

Abstract:

Data is the foundation of the digital economy.However, the issue of data confirmation is currently controversial.As a new type of asset, capitalization standards and pricing standards are still in the exploration stage, and the construction of big data trading platforms is in the ascendant.The status quo and main problems of data right confirmation, pricing and trading were reviewed, and from this condenses, a new big data trading model was proposed, which is the iterative relationship between data right confirmation, pricing and trading.Finally, combined with the technical characteristics of the blockchain, a scheme of big data transaction platform based on the consortium blockchain was put forward, which is from the perspective of individuals and data transaction parties.The platform’s rights and interests protection, pricing mechanism and transaction mode have been designed.

Key words: blockchain, big data, data pricing, data transaction

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