网络与信息安全学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (2): 43-56.doi: 10.11959/j.issn.2096-109x.2021030

• 专题:集成电路硬件安全 • 上一篇    

用于硬件木马检测的电磁辐射分析方法研究

唐永康, 胡星, 苏颋, 李少青   

  1. 国防科技大学计算机学院,湖南 长沙 410073
  • 修回日期:2021-03-01 出版日期:2021-04-01 发布日期:2021-04-01
  • 作者简介:唐永康(1992- ),男,山东烟台人,国防科技大学博士生,主要研究方向为芯片与信息安全。
    胡星(1989- ),女,江西赣州人,国防科技大学工程师,主要研究方向为芯片与信息安全。
    苏颋(1996- ),男,湖南茶陵人,国防科技大学硕士生,主要研究方向为芯片与信息安全。
    李少青(1963- ),男,陕西西安人,国防科技大学研究员,主要研究方向为芯片与信息安全。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(61832018)

Research on electromagnetic radiation based side-channel analysis method for hardware Trojan detection

Yongkang TANG, Xing HU, Ting SU, Shaoqing LI   

  1. College of Computer, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
  • Revised:2021-03-01 Online:2021-04-01 Published:2021-04-01
  • Supported by:
    The Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(61832018)

摘要:

随着集成电路产业全球化的发展,硬件木马已成为集成电路的主要安全威胁之一。目前能较好权衡检测成本与检测能力的侧信道分析方法越来越受到研究人员的关注,其中,电磁辐射分析方法是研究热点之一。重点分析并验证电磁辐射分析方法对硬件木马的检测能力,并探究限制其检测性能的原因。在现场可编程逻辑门阵列(FPGA)上进行验证实验,实验结果表明,电磁辐射分析方法可以很好地检测电磁辐射频率分布独特的硬件木马电路,但无法适用于电磁辐射频率分布复杂的硬件木马。

关键词: 检测能力评估, 电磁辐射, 硬件木马检测, 侧信道分析

Abstract:

With the globalization of the integrated circuit industry, hardware Trojan is becoming the main threat to integrated circuits.At present, the side-channel analysis which can make a good trade-off between detection ability and cost, has attracted more attention from the academia.The side-channel analysis method based on electromagnetic radiation is one of the hotspots in hardware security field.The ability evaluation of electromagnetic radiation analysis method to detect hardware Trojan was focused, and the factor that limited their detection performance was explored.The experimental results on FPGA show that the electromagnetic radiation analysis method can effectively detect hardware Trojan whose electromagnetic radiation distribution is significantly different from surrounding circuits, but it cannot be applied to hardware Trojan with complex frequency distribution of electromagnetic radiation.

Key words: detection ability evaluation, electromagnetic radiation, hardware Trojan detection, side-channel analysis

中图分类号: 

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