物联网学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (1): 72-89.doi: 10.11959/j.issn.2096-3750.2021.00201

• 理论与技术 • 上一篇    

区块链技术在物联网中的应用概述

郭才1,2, 李续然3, 陈炎华2, 戴弘宁1   

  1. 1 澳门科技大学,澳门 999078
    2 韩山师范学院,广东 潮州 521041
    3 山东师范大学,山东 济南 250014
  • 修回日期:2020-09-10 出版日期:2021-03-01 发布日期:2021-03-01
  • 作者简介:郭才(1984- ),男,澳门科技大学博士生,韩山师范学院实验师,主要研究方向为深度学习、区块链
    李续然(1991- ),男,山东师范大学讲师,主要研究方向为无线网络安全、医疗物联网、区块链
    陈炎华(1985- ),男,韩山师范学院实验师,主要研究方向为软件开发、区块链
    戴弘宁(1977- ),男,澳门科技大学副教授、博士生导师,主要研究方向为工业物联网、大数据分析、区块链、移动智能和大规模无线网络
  • 基金资助:
    广东省科学技术厅科技计划项目(2017A040405063)

Blockchain technology for Internet of things: an overview

Cai GUO1,2, Xuran LI3, Yanhua CHEN2, Hongning DAI1   

  1. 1 Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau SAR 999078, China
    2 Hanshan Normal University, Chaozhou 521041, China
    3 Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China
  • Revised:2020-09-10 Online:2021-03-01 Published:2021-03-01
  • Supported by:
    The Science and Technology Program of Guangdong Province Science and Technology Department(2017A040405063)

摘要:

物联网正在将传统工业重塑为以数据驱动决策为特征的智能工业。然而,物联网本身的特性带来了一系列挑战,如去中心化、互操作性差、存在隐私和安全漏洞等。区块链技术的出现为物联网应对挑战提供了新的解决途径。研究了区块链技术与物联网的融合,并把这种融合命名为物链网(BCoT, blockchain of things)。首先介绍物联网及区块链技术,然后着重介绍区块链和物联网的融合,提出了实现物链网体系结构的方案,并进一步讨论了物链网在工业中的应用问题,最后对该领域的开放性研究方向进行了概述。

关键词: 区块链, 物联网, 智能合约, 工业应用

Abstract:

Internet of things (IoT) is changing the data-driven smart industry due the massive availability of IoT data.Nevertheless, the IoT also poses some challenging issues like decentralization, poor interoperability, privacy and security vulnerabilities.The recent advent of blockchain can potentially tackle the above issues.The marriage of blockchain and IoT was investigated, and named this integration as blockchain of things (BCoT).In particular, the IoT and blockchain technology was introduced firstly.The convergence of blockchain and IoT was introduced, and the proposal of BCoT architecture was presented.The application of the Internet of things in the industry was further discussed.Finally, the open research directions in the field were outlined.

Key words: blockchain, Internet of things, smart contract, industrial application

中图分类号: 

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