大数据 ›› 2020, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (5): 29-44.doi: 10.11959/j.issn.2096-0271.2020042

• 专题:医学大数据 • 上一篇    

医疗大数据在学习型健康医疗系统中的应用

柴扬帆1,2,孔桂兰1(),张路霞1   

  1. 1 北京大学健康医疗大数据国家研究院,北京 100191
    2 北京大学公共卫生学院,北京 100191
  • 出版日期:2020-09-20 发布日期:2020-09-29
  • 作者简介:柴扬帆(1996- ),女,北京大学公共卫生学院硕士生,主要研究方向为医疗大数据挖掘与医学决策|孔桂兰(1975- ),女,博士,北京大学健康医疗大数据国家研究院副研究员,主要研究方向为临床决策支持系统、医学大数据挖掘、医学知识管理、医疗质量综合评估等|张路霞(1976- ),女,博士,北京大学健康医疗大数据国家研究院教授、院长助理,主要研究方向为重大慢性疾病的变化趋势、疾病负担及防治
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目资助项目(91846101);国家自然科学基金项目资助项目(81771938);科技创新2030“新一代人工智能”重大项目(2018AAA0102100);北京大学医学部-密歇根大学医学院转化医学与临床研究联合研究所项目(BMU2020JI011)

Application of medical big data in learning health system

Yangfan CHAI1,2,Guilan KONG1(),Luxia ZHANG1   

  1. 1 National Institute of Health Data Science at Peking University,Beijing 100191,China
    2 School of Public Health,Peking University,Beijing 100191,China
  • Online:2020-09-20 Published:2020-09-29
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(91846101);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(81771938);Chinese Scientific and Technical Innovation Project 2030(2018AAA0102100);UMHS-PUHSC Joint Institute for Translational and Clinical Research Project(BMU2020JI011)

摘要:

将医疗大数据应用于旨在加快知识生成和临床转化应用的学习型健康医疗系统(LHS)中,满足患者和医疗决策者的知识需求,有助于推动精准医学的发展。在系统阐述医疗大数据与LHS发展现状的基础上,结合LHS的典型应用案例,重点分析医疗大数据在LHS中的应用特点及面临的挑战。最后总结了我国发展LHS面临的挑战,并对未来进行了展望。

关键词: 医疗大数据, 学习型健康医疗系统, 医疗决策

Abstract:

The learning health system (LHS) aims at accelerating the process of knowledge generation,transformation and application in clinical practice.Applying medical big data in LHS to meet the knowledge needs of patients and healthcare decision makers would help to promote the development of precision medicine.Firstly,the current status of medical big data and LHS were reviewed,then the characteristics and challenges of applying medical big data in LHS were analyzed by refering to some typical application cases.Finally,the challenges faced by LHS in China were addressed and the prospect of applying medical big data to LHS in the future was provided.

Key words: medical big data, learning health system, medical decision-making

中图分类号: 

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