通信学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 163-179.doi: 10.11959/j.issn.1000-436x.2019123

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

煤矿应急救援通信技术的现状与趋势

胡青松1,2,杨维3,丁恩杰1,4,李世银1,李冰皓2   

  1. 1 中国矿业大学信息与控制工程学院,江苏 徐州 221008
    2 新南威尔士大学矿物与能源资源工程学院,悉尼 2052
    3 北京交通大学电子信息工程学院,北京 100044
    4 中国矿业大学物联网(感知矿山)研究中心,江苏 徐州 221008
  • 修回日期:2019-04-25 出版日期:2019-05-25 发布日期:2019-05-30
  • 作者简介:胡青松(1978- ),男,四川岳池人,博士,中国矿业大学副教授、硕士生导师,主要研究方向为救灾通信、目标定位与跟踪、物联网、无线通信。|杨维(1964- ),男,北京人,博士,北京交通大学教授、博士生导师,主要研究方向为无线通信、救灾通信、宽带移动通信系统与专用移动通信。|丁恩杰(1962-),男,山东青岛人,博士,中国矿业大学教授、博士生导师,主要研究方向为矿山物联网和矿山自动化。|李世银(1972- ),男,四川犍为人,博士,中国矿业大学教授、博士生导师,主要研究方向为矿井通信与监控、煤矿信息化、移动目标定位。|李冰皓(1972- ),男,湖南长沙人,博士,新南威尔士大学Research Fellow,主要研究方向为室内导航定位、卫星导航定位、基于位置的服务与物联网。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(51874299);国家自然科学基金资助项目(61771474);江苏省科技成果转化专项基金资助项目(BA2016016)

State-of-the-art and trend of emergency rescue communication technologies for coal mine

Qingsong HU1,2,Wei YANG3,Enjie DING1,4,Shiyin LI1,Binghao LI2   

  1. 1 School of Information and Control Engineering,China University of Mining &Technology,Xuzhou 221008,China
    2 School of Minerals and Energy Resources Engineering,University of New South Wales,Sydney 2052,Australia
    3 School of Electronic and Information Engineering,Beijing Jiaotong University,Beijing 100044,China
    4 Internet of Things (Perception Mine) Research Center,China University of Mining &Technology,Xuzhou 221008,China
  • Revised:2019-04-25 Online:2019-05-25 Published:2019-05-30
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(51874299);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(61771474);Special Funds for Transformation of Scientific and Technological Achievements in Jiangsu Province(BA2016016)

摘要:

在煤矿事故后的灾区侦察和应急救援中,应急通信系统是保障人员沟通联络、确定受困人员位置、感知灾区现场态势的必备设施。提炼了煤矿应急通信系统的总体架构模型,即一个骨干、多个分支、若干专线,辅以无线通信网络的结构模式。综述了主要的煤矿有线应急通信系统、无线应急通信系统、透地应急通信系统和混合应急通信系统的发展现状,分析了各种系统的关键技术和在应急救援场景中面临的挑战。探讨了煤矿应急通信技术的发展趋势,提出了基于煤矿物联网重构的应急通信新模式,讨论了该模式需要解决的关键技术,即煤矿物联网灾后重构策略、矿井事故漂移节点重定位方法、矿井事故区域的态势感知方法和灾后重构网络的数据传输方法,有望显著提高事故应急处置速度和救援效果。

关键词: 煤矿事故, 应急救援, 应急通信, 通信网络, 煤矿物联网

Abstract:

For the disaster area probing and emergency rescue in a mine,it is of great importance to employ the emergency communication system to communicate with each other,determine the places of trapped miners,and sense current status of disaster area.The hybrid emergency communication architecture model for coal mines was extracted,which was composed of one backbone,multiple branches,several special lines,and some wireless networks as assistance.Four types of emergency communication systems of coal mine were reviewed,namely through-the-air,through-the-wire,through-the-earth and mixed medium type.The key technologies and challenges of these four emergency communication types were analyzed.The research trend was discussed and a new emergency communication mode based on the reconstruction of mine Internet of things was proposed.The main enabling technologies of this new emergency communication mode were analyzed,namely post-disaster reconstruction of mine Internet of things,shifting nodes re-localization after mine disaster,status sensing method of mine disaster area,and data transmission method for post-disaster reconstruction network.

Key words: coal mine disaster, emergency rescue, emergency communication, communication network, mine Internet of things

中图分类号: 

  • TD676