Telecommunications Science ›› 2023, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 64-73.doi: 10.11959/j.issn.1000-0801.2023197

• Research and Development • Previous Articles    

A range spread target detection algorithm based on polarimetric features and SVDD

Qiang LI1, Yuanxin YAO2, Xiangqi KONG3   

  1. 1 Agency Service Bureau of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Beijing 100804, China
    2 West Institute of CAICT, Chongqing 401336, China
    3 The State Radio Monitoring Center Testing Center, Beijing 100041, China
  • Revised:2023-09-19 Online:2023-10-01 Published:2023-10-01


Multi-polarization range high resolution radar is an important mean for ground target detection.In the echo formed by it, the target occupies multiple range cells and becomes an extended target.The traditional spread target detection method relies on energy, and the detection performance decreases when the signal-to-clutter ratio decreases.A spread target detection algorithm based on polarization decomposition features was proposed, which improved the detection performance under low signal-to-clutter ratio by using the difference of polarization scattering characteristics between target and clutter.Specifically, 16 kinds of polarization decomposition features were extracted to form feature vectors as detection statistics, and then support vector data description (SVDD) was used to obtain the detection threshold.When training the detection threshold, the polarization decomposition features of clutter were extracted as training data.In order to ensure the false alarm probability, two penalty parameters were introduced into the objective function of SVDD.The experimental results show that the proposed method requires a signal-to-clutter ratio of about 12.6 dB in the case of Gobi background, false alarm probability of 10-4 and detection probability of 90%, which is about 1.7 dB lower than the energy-based methods.

Key words: polarimetric high resolution radar, range spread target detection, polarimetric decomposition, FAC-SVDD

CLC Number: 

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